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# ...papua new guinea - a culture in transition - 1 день осени

Oct. 20th, 2009

10:31 pm - # ...papua new guinea - a culture in transition

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Papua New Guianea - a culture in transition. Фотографии: Brent Stirton. Комментарии к фотографиям на английском и русском языках.



No country in the world has experienced as rapid an introduction to the modern age as Papua New Guinea. As recently as the 1930’s, the interior of the country remained completely unknown to the rest of the planet. The last tribe on earth to remain a stone-age civilization was discovered hidden in the impenetrable Papuan jungle as recently as 1980. Papua New Guinea’s entry into the modern era has not been without problems. Papuans are struggling with their own sense of identity, customs that are centuries old are changing rapidly, cities and towns are growing and many rural people have migrated and left behind a traditional subsistence existence. Poverty is wide spread amongst these new urbanites, unskilled as they are in how to earn money in this new way of life.

Crime is an everyday reality as desperation fuels opportunity in the poor settlement areas around the capital of Port Morseby and further afield.

The recent discovery of oil in the highlands will further change the human and natural landscape of Papua New Guinea. Huge logging operations by Malaysian operators have decimated large tracts of the Papuan forests, indispensable filters for the world’s carbon dioxide. Some Papuans are fighting back. Exploitative international logging operations have been chased out of the Lake Murray area, replaced by locally run eco-logging operations, a community initiative for community benefit.

Mining operations on the Papua New Guinea/ West Papuan Border have devastated the land and its fertile potential. In the Kiunga region, vast areas of iron phosphate sediments have engulfed the banks of the Fly River system.

Environmentalists are predicting that over 300 000 hectares of the basin will be poisoned by these sediments in the next major flood. This is likely to affect the livelihoods of over 300 000 people as their ability to live a life based on their relationship to the environment is compromised forever.

This series of images attempts to illustrate a number of issues: Firstly it celebrates the uniqueness of Papua New Guinea’s tribal culture and the ritual of dress and dance for which it is most famous. These images also attempt to remind us that these customs are changing, and are now rarely seen unless an important “Moka” or meeting is taking place or there is a tribal gathering or tourist performance.

There are a series of images related to how Papua New Guinean lives are deeply connected to the natural world. 97% of the land of PNG isin the hands of rural villages. Images of hunting and farming attempt to illustrate this relationship to the land. In the Lake Murray region, a former Port Morseby policeman by the name of Galeva Sep has returned to his village where he has worked hard to create an eco-logging industry. This benefits the local communities instead of the exploitative, destructive logging giants who Sep fought to have removed.

There are images of the church and how that has impacted traditional life. Former Spirit Houses are now Churches for the Catholic faith or Seventh Day Adventists. Alongside these are images of Spirit Men, PNG’s traditional spiritual advisers.

They are depicted in caves with the skulls of their ancestors. Skull preservation is a centuries old practice in PNG. The majority of Papua New Guinean’s see the Church through a positive lens. They talk of how it has brought education, medicine and reduced tribal fighting between rival clans.

Back in Port Morseby we see “Raskals,” young gangsters with homemade guns who live a life of crime in the poor settlements around the capital city. We see sex-workers in brothels in a climate where a reported 11% of the population are now HIV+. The potential for mass infection amongst PNG’s population is high.

Superstition and ignorance about the disease make Aids the biggest threat in the country to date.



Traditional dress in a village in Chimbu Province, Highlands, Papua New Guinea, 18 December 2008. These outfits will be worn on special occasions, namely Sing-Sing tribal get-togethers, Moka further afield. Compensation ceremonies, Bride-Price ceremonies and feasts.

Традиционный костюм в деревне провинции Чимбу, Папуа Новая Гвинея, 18 декабря 2008 года. Подобные костюмы надевают по особым случаям, а именно – на племенные собрания Синг-Синг, на ритуал Мока, церемонии возмещения, брачные церемонии и пиры. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Huli Wigman photographed at a sing-sing, Tari Gap, Papua New Guinea, 17 December 2008.

Фото Хули Уигмана на собрании синг-синг, Тари Гап, Папуа Новая Гвинея, 17 декабря 2008 года. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



A Huli Wigman waits out a rain-storm in his room, smoking and applying his traditional face paint while waiting for the rain to clear, Tari Gap, Papua New Guinea, 17 December 2008.

Хули Уигман ожидает ливня в своей комнате в Тари Гап, Папуа Новая Гвинея, 17 декабря 2008 года. Он курит и наносит традиционную краску на лицо, чтобы дождь потом смыл ее. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Images of traditional "Mud-Men" in village in Chimbu Province, Highlands, Papua New Guinea.

Фотография традиционного «грязного человека» в поселке в провинции Чимбу. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



A Papua New Guinea highland tribal ceremony depicting images of "Spirit Men", also known as "Skeleton Men" attacking an evil forest Spirit known locally as the Omo Masalai, in a village in Chimbu Province, Highlands, Papua New Guinea.

Племенная церемония с изображением «Духов», также известных как «Скелеты», которые атакуют лесной дух, известный здесь под именем Омо Масалаи, в поселке в провинции Чимбу. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Images from a Bride-Price ceremony in a village in Chimbu Province, Highlands, Papua New Guinea.

Фото с церемонии выкупа невесты в поселке провинции Чимбу, Папуа Новая Гвинея. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Images from the Sepik River, a remote region of Papua New Guinea where life-style is still derived almost entirely from mans relationship to naturnal world.

Фото с реки Сепик – отдаленного региона Папуа Новой Гвинеи. Здесь стиль жизни по-прежнему почти полностью зависит от отношений людей и природы. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Karawari people of the middle Sepik river, 15 December 2008.

Племя Каравари в реке Сепик 15 декабря 2009 года. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Karawari people of the middle Sepik river, 15 December 2008.

Племя Каравари в реке Сепик 15 декабря 2009 года. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



A village elder dressed in the traditional ceremonial dress for men in Mount Hagen, Papua New Guinea, 16 December 2008.

Старейшина деревни в традиционном церемониальном костюме в Маунт Хаген 16 декабря 2008 года. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Local people from the Fly River, a remote region of Papua New Guinea where lifestyle is still derived almost entirely from man's relationship to the natural world.

Местный народ с реки Флай – отдаленного региона Папуа Новой Гвинеи, где стиль жизни также выходит от отношений между людьми и природой. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



The Karawari people of the middle Sepik river, 15 December 2008. The Karawari are the most remote of the floodplains people, with many vllages along the river barely a generation old. The most recent settlements date only from 1996.

Племя Каравари, обитающее в центре реки Сепик, 15 декабря 2008 года. Каравари – самое отдаленное племя, обитающее в пойме реки. Многие деревни расположены вдоль реки. Самое последнее поселение датируется 1996 годам. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Images of the Karawari people of the middle Sepik river.

Племя Каравари в центре реки Сепик. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



A hunting party catches wild pig and Kassowary in remote areas along the shores of Lake Murray, Papua New Guinea, 1 January 2009.

These communities live lives very closely connected to the natural world. They hunt and fish and practise agriculture but always in harmony with the environment. Members of this community also chased away Malaysian Loggers in the area, citing exploitation and environmental damage. They now practise their own kind of sustainable eco-logging.

Охота на дикого кабана и казуара в отдаленных областях вдоль берегов озера Мюррыэ, Папуа Новая Гвинея, 1 января 1009 года. Эти сообщества живут в единении с природой. Они охотятся, ловят рыбу и занимаются сельским хозяйством, но всегда делают это в полной гармонии с природой. Они прогнали отсюда малазийских лесорубов, наносивших вред окружающей среде. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



A hunting party catches wild pig and Kassowary in remote areas along the shores of Lake Murray, Papua New Guinea, 1 January 2009.

Охота на дикого кабана и казуара в отдаленных областях вдоль берегов озера Мюррыэ, Папуа Новая Гвинея, 1 января 1009 года. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Local people from the Fly River, a remote region of Papua New Guinea where lifestyle is still derived almost entirely from man's relationship to the natural world.

Местные жители с реки Флай – отдаленного региона Папуа Новой Гвинеи, где люди живут в единении с природой. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



A hunting party catches wild pig and Kassowary in remote areas along the shores of Lake Murray, Papua New Guinea, 1 January 2009.

Охотники поймали дикого кабана и кузуара в отдаленном регионе вдоль берегов озера Мюррей 1 января 2009 года. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Recycling in practise in Kubut Village, Lake Murray, Papua New Guinea, 1 January 2009.

Переработка в процессе в деревне Кубут, озеро Мюррей, Папуа Новая Гвинея, 1 января 2009 года. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Eco-logging practised by a small group of men who cut only to order and bring a small portable mill to the tree itself .

Экологическая заготовка леса, которое выполняет небольшая группка людей. Они рубят только то, что нужно, и приносят на место небольшую переносную мельницу. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Galeva Sep, a former policeman turned environmental activist photographed at Kubut Village, Lake Murray, Papua New Guinea, 1 January 2009.

Галева Сеп – бывший полицейский, ставший активистом защиты окружающей среды в деревне Кубут, озеро Мюррей, 1 января 2009 года. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)

Sep organised his community to expel exploitative Malaysian loggers and now runs his own eco-logging practise. Lake Murray is a region where people have lived lives in harmony with nature for centuries. People make their living by hunting, farming, fishing, and growing rubber trees and now also with Eco-forestry. Their life-styles are dependant on the harmony between them and nature and they are trying to ensure a sustainable relationship for future generations. This has been complicated and compromised by the interventions of both international mining and logging groups over the last few decades but local community resistance is growing as rising anger mounts at the environmental damage done to rivers and forests which form the backbone of the village survival system.



A local man showers underneath a waterfall in the rainforest close to his village in the mountains of Papua New Guinea.

Мужчина из местного племени моется под водопадом в лесу недалеко от деревни в горах Папуа Новой Гвинеи. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Images of the Karawari people of the middle Sepik river, 15 December 2008.

Племя Каравари, обитающего в центре реки Сепик, 15 декабря 2008 года. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)





An old woman fishes along the Fly River, a remote region of Papua New Guinea.

Пожилая женщина ловит рыбу на реке Флай в отдаленном регионе Папуа Новая Гвинея. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Boys play touch rugby in Kubut Village, Lake Murray, Papua New Guinea, 1 January 2009.

Мальчики играют в американский футбол в деревне Кубут 1 января 2009 года. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Images of the Karawari people of the middle Sepik river, 15 December 2008.

Племя Каравари, обитающего в центре реки Сепик, 15 декабря 2008 года. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Local village children playing in the Ok Tedi river surrounded by banks of poisonous mine sediment which has been dumped into the Ok Tedi river by the mining process of Ok Tedi mine, Kiunga, Papua New Guinea. The mine sediment is the result of copper and gold mining and contains amongst other chemicals iron pyrites which are poisonous to the eco-system. This is outside Dome village which is a village traditionally dependant on the natural world. People hunt and fish and grow gardens of vegetables one the river banks none of which survive because of the content of the mined sediment. The Ok Tedi river has also shrunken dramatically in places as the sediment has grown to massive proportions on the former banks. All the fertile soil of the river bank has vanished and people have no option but to bathe in a river which is slowly poisoning all around it. Scientists at a recent water conference in Brisbane Australia from 3 different institutes have all predicted a major disaster when a natural and inevitable flood washes the iron pyrites in the sediment throughout the Ok Tedi and Fly River basin. This is an area of more than 30 000 people, all of whom will have their natural livelihood affected by the disaster.

Дети из местного поселка играют в реке Ок Теди, окруженной токсичными осадочными породами, которые сбрасывались в реку из шахты в Киунга, Папуа Новая Гвинея. Река Ок Теди также заметно высохла из-за этих выбросов. Ученые предсказали, что во время следующего наводнения река может отравить земли местных поселений, в которых проживает около 30 000 человек. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)





Scenes from the Dump in Mount Hagen which is populated by people who drifted to the town in the 1970's and used the dump to farm pigs, a viable wealth stream in Papua New Guinea., Mount Hagen, Papua New Guinea, 16 December 2008.

Мальчик стоит на свалке в Маунт Хаген, где живут те, кто переехал в город в 1970-ых и использовал свалку, чтобы выращивать свиней. Это довольно прибыльное занятие в Папуа Новой Гвинеи. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Refugee members of the OPM Free West Papua movement in a refugee camp on the outskirts of Port Morseby, Papua New Guinea, 23 December 2008.

Беженцы и участники движения «Свободная Западная Папуа» в лагере для беженцев на окраине Порт Морсебай 23 декабря 2008 года. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Scenes of highland people at a local roadside market in Mount Hagen, Papua New Guinea, 16 December 2008.

Люди нагорья на местном придорожном рынке в Маунт Хаген 16 декабря 2009 года. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



A "Raskol" gang member and a hand-made gun photographed in the impoverished eight mile settlement in Port Morseby, Papua New Guinea.

Член гангстерской группировки «Раскол» со сделанным вручную пистолетом. Снимок сделан в бедном поселении в 12 км от Порт Морсебай. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



Hela Huli Christian women photographed at a Catholic Church, Tari Gap, Papua New Guinea, 17 December 2008.

Христианки племени Хела Хули в католической церкви в Тари Гап 17 декабря 2008 года. (Brent Stirton)



Images of the Karawari people of the middle Sepik river, 15 December 2008.

Фото племени Каравари из области центральной реки Сепик 15 декабря 2008 года. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)





A sex-worker photographed at a brothel in Port Morseby, the capital city of Papua New Guinea, 25 December 2008.

Hiv Aids is a relatively new but devastating disease in Papua New Guinea. Modern life has seen a relaxation of attitudes to infidelity and this created a booming sex industry. It is currently estimated that PNG may already have an HIV statistic as high as 11% across the population. Illiteracy, a slow government response combined with superstition and taboos with regards to talking abut sex have fostered the ability of the disease to spread quickly amongst PNG's population.

Путана в борделе в Порт Морсебай – столице Папуа Новой Гвинеи 25 декабря 2008 года. СПИД довольно новая, но быстро развивающаяся болезнь в Папуа Новой Гвинеи. Современная жизнь проповедует идеи безбожия и неверности, в результате чего началась настоящая сексуальная революция. Считается, что в Папуа Новой Гвинее уже до 11% ВИЧ инфицированных. Неграмотность, отсутствие каких-либо действий со стороны правительства, а также предрассудки и суеверия - именно по этим причинам местное население мало, что знает о сексе и СПИДе. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)



A young Aids Orphan seen with his deceased mother's family in a poor settlement in Port Morseby, the capital city of Papua New Guinea, 25 December 2008.

Hiv Aids is a relatively new but devastating disease in Papua New Guinea. Modern life has seen a relaxation of attitudes to infidelity and this created a booming sex industry. It is currently estimated that PNG may already have an HIV statistic as high as 11% across the population. Illiteracy, a slow government response combined with superstition and taboos with regards to talking abut sex have fostered the ability of the disease to spread quickly amongst PNG's population.

Больной СПИДом сирота с больной семьей в бедном поселении в Порт Морсебай – столице Папуа Новой Гвинеи 25 декабря 2008 года. (Brent Stirton/Getty Images)

Источник: Getty Images.
Отдельное спасибо за перевод: Bigpicture.ru

Comments:

[User Picture]
From:juliakomissarof
Date:October 20th, 2009 06:41 pm (UTC)
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это было прекрасно
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[User Picture]
From:lana_sv
Date:October 20th, 2009 06:42 pm (UTC)
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что то невероятное ...
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[User Picture]
From:paincore
Date:October 20th, 2009 06:54 pm (UTC)
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спасибо большое!
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[User Picture]
From:melkore
Date:October 20th, 2009 07:01 pm (UTC)
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а ещё они людей едят.
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[User Picture]
From:samoeto
Date:October 20th, 2009 07:26 pm (UTC)
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спасибо
впечатлило!
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[User Picture]
From:astrenata
Date:October 20th, 2009 07:57 pm (UTC)
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С прыжками с дерева прекрасная фотография.
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[User Picture]
From:mmordasov
Date:October 20th, 2009 09:05 pm (UTC)
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даааа!!!!
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[User Picture]
From:atboarder2
Date:October 21st, 2009 04:54 am (UTC)
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Очень масштабно и классно!
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[User Picture]
From:bezuteshnie
Date:October 21st, 2009 04:54 am (UTC)
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классно
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[User Picture]
From:kutatakitoka
Date:October 21st, 2009 06:06 am (UTC)
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нет слов, одни эмоции
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[User Picture]
From:astrum_aka_trup
Date:October 21st, 2009 11:18 am (UTC)
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I'd hit it and run
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[User Picture]
From:kakashtla
Date:October 21st, 2009 06:26 pm (UTC)
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лютые типы
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[User Picture]
From:matses
Date:October 22nd, 2009 06:21 am (UTC)
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Кадры отличные, но обработка по цвету просто ужасная.
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[User Picture]
From:poteyeva
Date:October 26th, 2009 01:12 pm (UTC)
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просто великолепная съемка и совершенно непостижимая чужая жизнь
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